19条提高软件测试能力的建议

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  1. Focus on the customer Keep the customer in mind when testing. Develop empathy for their needs. Talk to customers and observe them using your software.

    想客户之所想

在测试的过程中时刻想着用户。培养自己对用户需求的共鸣。和用户沟通并且观察他们怎们样使用你的软件。

  1. Read bugs If you work with a group of testers, read all the bugs they log each day, especially any logged in the area you’re testing. You can learn a lot from how other testers approach bug finding.

多读Bug

如果你和一个团队的软件测试工程师一起工作,那么请阅读 他们每天发的Bug, 特别是那些针对你的测试部分的Bug 。你可以从别人如何找到Bug中学到很多东西。

  1. Read code Find the code that implements your feature. Even if writing code isn’t your thing, reading code critically helps find potential boundaries and flaws.

多读代码

找到你测试的那部分功能的代码。虽然写代码并不是你的事,但是读那些代码常常会帮助你找到潜在的边际情况和软件缺陷。

  1. Take pride in your bugs Bug advocacy starts with a well written bug title and description. I re-read the bugs that I log to assess whether they are fair and properly detailed. For important bugs, if they aren’t getting fixed, be the driver to make sure the right decisions and tradeoffs are being made.

为你发现的Bug而骄傲

促成一个软件Bug的修复是从写好Bug标题和描述开始的。我每次发完一个Bug都会把这个Bug重读一遍以确保它是合理的并提供恰倒好处的细节。如果一些重要的Bug 没有被纠正,要追根究底,确保决定和利弊权衡是正确的。

  1. Get involved in your feature’s design Before code is written, find out about the planning and get involved while big changes are still possible. This also helps to understand the tradeoffs and compromises that are being considered.

参加软件功能的设计

在软代码编写之前在仍有可能有大的设计变更的时候,积极参加软件的计划阶段,这会帮助你了解正被考虑的折衷和权衡。

  1. Design your tests Whether it is finding boundary values, applying combinatorial techniques, drawing pictures, or creating models, it helps to put thought into your test design. During exploratory testing, consciously alternate your test planning and product learning.

设计你的测试

无论是寻找边界值,运用组合技术,画图表,或创建测试模型,把你的想法放进你的测试设计中总是有用的。在试探性测试的时候,有意识地去交替你的测试计划和产品学习。

  1. Know your feature Whatever features you’re testing, you should know the design, limitations, bugs logged by others, code churn, and interactions with other features.

了解你测试的功能

不管你测试的是那一块功能,你应该了解它的设计,它的局限性,别人发现的Bug,代码的变动,以及它和其它功能间的交互关系。

  1. Work with others to test your feature Work with testers with different expertise to test your feature. Brainstorm test ideas and ask for their feedback.

和别人合作测试你负责的部分

和有不同专长的人一起测试你的功能模块,一起讨论测试的点子并且征询他们的反馈意见。

  1. Learn your product Even if you’re only responsible for a small feature area, becoming an expert on your product and the other new features can help you be a better tester.

学习你测试的软件

即使你只是测试一个软件中的很小一部分,成为其它新功能和整个软件的专家都会帮助你成为一个更好的测试工程师。

  1. Foster good relationships with your developers Testing can be adversarial, and it is easy to flip the “bozo” bit on some of the people you work with. To find out the latest and get your bugs fixed, it helps to develop strong relationships with the developers that fix your bugs.

培养和开发人员的良好关系

测试工作有时候是对抗性的,以致很容易使有些与你共事的人在做决定时忽略你的意见。与修复Bug的开发人员建立坚实的关系对了解最新进展和促成Bug的修复会有裨益。

  1. Expand your scope and network Successful people have strong networks they can rely on for expertise and advice. Work both within your company and externally to meet new people and develop professional connections.

扩大你的领域和人际网络

成功的人都有一个的坚实可信的交际圈。他们可以从中得到他们需要的专业知识和建议。不断在你的公司内部和外部结交新朋友并发展专业领域的联系。

  1. Find mentors/role models I’ve worked with some amazing testers, and learned a lot from them. To improve your skills, look for mentors to meet with, or role models to emulate.

寻找良师或榜样

我和许多出色的测试工程师一起工作过,并且从他们那里学到了很多东西。为了提高你的测试技能,你应该寻找“顾问”与他们见面或者榜样向他们效仿。

  1. Be self-critical Testers are great at finding flaws in software. It can help to turn some of that attention inward, and identify what you need to improve.

保持自省

测试工程师善于发现软件的缺陷。如果把这种敏锐运用到自己身上,我们一定能更有效的发现自身的不足之处。

  1. Manage your time It is easy to get focused on big tasks or distracted by meetings, and not make time for learning, bug hunting, or a healthy life. To avoid burnout, learn how to manage your time.

管理你的时间

我们的时间很容易被大块的工作和不断的会议所占据,导致我们没有时间去学习,去深挖更多的Bug,甚至没有时间保持健康的生活状态。为了避免透支,你需要学习如何管理你的时间。

  1. Automate wisely Automated tests may lack the same “peripheral vision” as a skilled tester. When done wrong, automation can lead to spectacularly unmaintainable code that doesn’t provide value in assessing product quality. But careful automation can provide value in noticing defects faster.

明智地选择测试自动化

自动化测试可能缺乏熟练测试人员的那种“余光视力”。不正确的自动化有时会变成一推庞大而难以维护的代码,并且对衡量软件质量没有什么实际意思。但是精心设计的自动化测试有助于及早发现软件缺陷。

  1. Improve your coding skills I’ve met some talented testers who’d rather not write code. Arguably, just as movie critics become jaded and don’t appreciate the move-going public, when I put on my coding hat I think differently from customers. But coding is a valued skill, and it can help you become better at reading code and understanding the internals of your product, as well as become better at small tools to make mundane tasks easier.

提高你的编程能力

我遇到过一些很有天赋的测试人员,他们倾向于不去写代码。这有一定道理。就像电影评论家在变得挑剔而富有陈见后不会去考虑电影观众的喜恶一样,在我充当编程员的角色时,我想的就不再和用户一样了。但是编程还是一项有价值的技能,他能帮助你更好地阅读代码,理解产品的内在,同时帮助你写一些小工具使得平淡反复的工作变得简单。

  1. Attend triage In the final days before shipping, triage teams review bugs to decide what to fix and what to postpone. If you don’t normally get invited, ask to attend. It is fascinating to see the roles of tester reputation, customer impact, and perceived risk balanced to make decisions.

参加Bug的审阅 (Triage

在产品发布前的最后一些日子里,Bug审阅组开会决定哪一些Bug应该修复,哪一些应该留到以后的版本去修复。如果你通常不在这个会议的邀请名单中,那么去主动要求参加。你会看到在测试员信誉,用户影响和已知风险等因素间做出折衷决定的过程。这将会是一种非常有趣的经历。

  1. Keep learning Whether it be a soft skill, like public speaking, programming language, or new test technique, successful testers take time from their busy days to keep learning.

不断学习

不管是“软技能”,比如公开演讲, 或者编程语言,亦或新的测试技术,成功的测试工程师总是会从繁忙中抽出时间来坚持学习。

  1. Enjoy what you do, and do it well If you can’t afford to leave your job, you need to learn how to love it. Testers can get cynical, especially during challenging release cycles. Testers who enjoy their work, and exceed expectations will do well. Special thanks to all those who provided tips. For privacy, I’m not listing the names here, but I’ve emailed you all to thank you. I learned a lot from all of you.

19. 爱你所做的事,并把它做好

如果你不能承担放弃当前工作的代价,那么就学着去热爱它。测试人员有时会变得嫉世愤俗,尤其是在困难的发布周期中。享受工作并且不满足于仅仅完成计划内目标的人才会成为优秀的测试工程师。

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